How Stress Affects Your Health: Physically And Mentally

Stress is known as a silent killer because of the way it affects your body.

This is something that affects not only your emotional well-being but also your mental and physical health as well.

Due to this, you need to be aware of how stress affects your health.

Unchecked stress has been linked to causing health complications like heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure.

Due to this, you must be more aware of what stress does to your health.

By understanding this factor, you can take appropriate measures to ensure that you manage your stress levels.

The following is a detailed look at how it affects your health and the things that you didn’t know about it.

What Causes Stress?

how stress affects your health

Stress is caused by the release of the stress hormone in the hypothalamus region of the brain.

This is the area that manages the fight or flight response of the body. It is also responsible for managing how we respond to the environment around us.

Unfortunately, the hypothalamus can be overactive in giving a response. If you have a lot of stressors around you, it can keep firing throughout the day.

This means that your body keeps producing the stress hormone, which goes into your bloodstream and wreaks havoc.

Knowing how to manage and control your reactions to the stressors around you is extremely important. Otherwise, it can affect your mental, physical, and emotional well-being.

The Effect Of Stress On The Body

Stress is known to physically impact the body, especially if it is not managed or controlled. The following are some ways that it can affect you physically:

1. Headaches

how stress affects your health

Stress headaches are one of the most common types of headaches. This can be a dull pain that starts in different areas of the brain.

They are also known to travel down the neck, affect the shoulders and other areas of the body.

2. Muscle Pain

how stress affects your health

Chronic muscle pain can also be triggered by uncontrolled stress. This happens because the stress hormone primes the body for a reaction that never happens.

Due to this, the muscles in the body are kept in a state of tension. They eventually become sore and ache more.

3. Fatigue

how stress affects your health

Being in a state of worry can be extraordinarily tiring, and one is more likely to experience signs of fatigue.

People who are stressed out are more likely to experience fatigue, low energy, or feel completely drained after the day is done.

They might also have low energy even when they don’t have a lot to do.

4. Upset Stomach

how stress affects your health

Stomach issues, acidity, stomach pains, and aches are all common when you experience stress.

A lot of the time, the stress hormone creates a gut reaction. It also irritates the lining of the stomach and causes digestion issues.

Controlling stress is essential to have a healthy gut.

5. Sleep Problems

how stress affects your health

Poor sleep can happen because of stress hormones, as well. Too much of the stress hormone makes it difficult for the body to fall asleep and shut down.

The brain stays active, even when it is time to go to sleep. As a result, people are known to have poor sleep and experience more fatigue.

6. Weak Immune System

how stress affects your health

With a weak immune system, one is more likely to fall sick, catch the flu, or feel more poorly. Recovery can also be slow, convoluted, and long-drawn-out in this case.

All these effects cause a constant cycle where lack of proper rest and sleep will keep one feeling tired, fatigued, and stressed.

The Effect Of Stress On The Mood And Behavior

Stress is also known to affect the mood and behavior of a person, especially if one does not have healthy coping mechanisms.

The following are some ways that stress affects the behavior and mood of a person:

1. Anxiety And Depression

how stress affects your health

Chronic stress can slowly eat away at one’s sense of self and well-being. Stress can also make one have a gloomier outlook about the future.

This aspect can make one feel more depressed and anxious too. If they already have anxiety or depression, stress can make their pre-existing condition worse.

2. Lack Of Motivation

how stress affects your health

It can be difficult for someone to find the motivation to do anything when they feel stressed.

If this is accompanied by feelings of fatigue and depression, the person may completely lose their motivation to do anything.

3. Feeling Overwhelmed

how stress affects your health

In some cases, stress about an issue can leave someone feeling overwhelmed, or as they have too much on their plate.

Not knowing who to turn to or how to manage their stress can cause even more stress for them at this time.

4. Anger And Violence

how stress affects your health

Outbursts of anger are also likely to happen because of stress.

When someone continually feels pressured, they will react negatively to the extra pressure that they are facing.

This can make the person also more likely to behave violently. Mood swings are prevalent for someone to experience when they are stressed out.

5. Alcoholism And Smoking

how stress affects your health

People can also turn to unhealthy coping mechanisms such as smoking or drinking, which can worsen their physical health.

Alcohol is known to cause sleep issues and can also irritate the stomach lining, causing more stomach problems.

Smoking can lead to problems. Additionally, both are addictive, which means that one can end up with a life-long habit.

6. Social Withdrawal

how stress affects your health

Another thing that people might turn to when faced with high-stress is social withdrawal.

Self-isolating one without any reason or cause can be a sign of some problems.

This can also worsen the depression and anxiety that a person is facing, and they can feel worse about themselves.

The good news is that if you notice any of these signs in yourself or others around you, you can always reach out for help.

By doing so, you can improve the quality of your life in a significant manner.

By paying attention to these factors, you can understand how stress affects your life in a physical, mental, and emotional manner.